by Laura Gomez
Remembering Frida was edited by Roberta La Vela Orona-Cordova, Associate Professor at California State University of Northridge who teaches Chicano literature, Chicano film and creative writing.
Professora Orona-Cordova was first introduced to Frida while working on her M.A at San Francisco State University at an exhibit of Chicano artists. It was not until she was in graduate school at UCLA that she came across a large textbook, a bio on Frida Kahlo, that she became intrigued with her work and later wrote her master thesis on Frida for her Masters in Fine Arts (MFA).
It took some time before Professora Orona-Cordova realized her connection with Frida was not jus on an artistic level but also on a personal level. Although she did value her art because it was creative, different, and challenged traditions that made no sense especially for woman, she admired the fact that although Frida was in the upper middle class, she embraced the indigenous people of México through her vivid paintings and her colorful dress attire. With further research and visiting México to interview old friends of Frida, Professora Orona-Cordova comprehended why she had such a strong personal connection. Frida reminded her of her own mother. Her mother too, like Frida, had a challenging life with her husband that was witnessed by Professora Orona-Cordova as a young child. They both suffered of strokes and had to be on bed rest. Her mother was born a year before Frida and died a year after Frida’s death, but they both passed away at the same age. One of her favorite paintings by Frida is, Unos Cuantos Piquetitos, the painting truly illustrates all the pain and suffering that one carries with them emotionally and physiologically.
This anthology brings to life the struggle of Frida, her activism, and how she represented her culture. The book includes various essays by diverse authors that share the life of Frida and the impact she has made upon many Chicanas and Chicanos today.
Podcast by Maria Garcia y Juan Adan
Podcast by Emily West
Podcast by Maria Garcia y Juan Adan
BY LUIS CARRILLO
Mental health issues have taken center stage in the United States but not in the Latino community.
According to the 2010 article published by the APA (The American Psychological Association), 1 out of every 11 Latinos with a mental disorder sought professional health. That is less than 10% of the population. What does this say about the rest of the population?
Socioeconomic status, awareness, and even culture, are some of the barriers the Latino community faces in the United States today. Our culture and our community itself are the biggest barriers Latinos have to deal with on a daily basis. In our community, we label someone who suffers from depression as being “lazy”, someone how is bipolar or suffers from Dysthymia as “crazy or loco”. Yet these diagnoses are among the most common, along with anxiety and stress, within our community. These beliefs represent a serious health concern among the 49 million Latinos living in the United States. The majority of the Latino families are not able to afford the proper health care insurance.
According to the CDC (Center for Disease Control), 30.9% of Latinas ranging from the age of 13 to 18 will have attempted to commit suicide; that’s 1 out of every 3 girls of high school age. Compare to 9.0% in the African American community and 10.3 in the non-Hispanic community (Caucasians, Asians and other). Many of these youth are misdiagnosed of having anger problem or behavioral problems, which is all too common in schools throughout the country. School officials and parents rather than professional clinicians, are the ones making these diagnoses which ultimately lead to the high percentage of suicide attempts.
Acknowledgement and acceptance of mental health is even more difficult among Latino men. Why one may ask? In our community, we view men as the bread winners and providers of the family, this come from a “machismo” culture in which men are view as weak individual if they complain about any type of illness or are not able to provide for their families, especially if it’s regarding their mental state of mind.
In the Latino community, stigmatism is still the biggest barrier where families do not want to have the label of “being the family with a relative who’s crazy”. Instead of being a concern for the family, it somehow brings shame to them and generations to come.
According to a recent study done by Dr. William Vega, Ph.D., (USC),
“200 depressed and low-income Latinos in Los Angeles; more than half said that depressed people weren’t trustworthy and that they’d be unwilling to socialize with someone who’s depressed. Those self-stigmatizing respondents were less likely to take medication and keep scheduled appointments with primary-care physicians, the study found.” (CNN, 2010).
The statistics are not only alarming but proof that within our community a change must be done. Our culture has gone through changes during the last 50 years. The one area where change is crucial and a must is mental health. Our views about mental health and disorders must change in order for our community to better understand those who suffer from mental health, just as we’ve learned to deal and understand with such illnesses as cancer, AIDS and other health diseases.
Education and acceptance is the key to overcoming stigmatism of someone suffering from mental health. Someone who suffers from a physical illness receives the proper care because they physically show the signs but someone who suffers from a mental disorder or illness will ever show any signs and he/she is more at risk to die than from someone who has cancer. Learning about the signs of mental illness and being able to engage the individual just by asking more questions may end up saving the individual’s life. I know because I suffer from a mental illness and I’m not ashamed to admit it.
For more information, go to the following links:
- Latino Community Mental Health fact sheet. (2006). Retrieved from http://www.nami.org/Content/NavigationMenu/Find_Support/Multicultural_Support/Annual_Minority_Mental_Healthcare_Symposia/Latino_MH06.pdf
- Dichoso, S. (2010, November 15). Stigma Haunts Mentally Ill Latinos. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2010/HEALTH/11/15/latinos.health.stigma/index.htm