Chicana/o Studies – Publishing an Alternative View Since 1970 – CSU, Northridge

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La Raza Exhibit Display Photos of a Past that is Present

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by Tania Villegas

chicano power at the autryOn September 16th 2017, the Autry Museum at Griffith Park opened up its new exhibit La Raza. The exhibit features photographs taken by La Raza Newspaper photographers during various events throughout the Chicano Movement.

La Raza Newspaper served as a voice during the Chicano movement with photographers acting not as journalist but as artist capturing moments during the activism.

Walking around, analyzing the photos, it was emotion because looking at these photos is like looking in a mirror and seeing what is currently happening in our country. Protests seem like they’re happening almost every week, from huge protests like the NFL Player protest to the Protests happening on schools.

This January, being apart of the Women’s Marches across the country or seeing the news coverages shows the extent of how far our current administration has done to create this type of activism against them. It’s an emotional time where we have someone as a leader who threatens not only women’s right, but rights of human beings. This exhibit not only shows the history of  Chicano roots, but it’s also showing that history can repeat itself and its our duty to continue to fight for our rights when they are threatened.   

This exhibit is not just photographs showing the history of the Chicano Movement, as Luis C. Garza, a Photographer for La Raza Magazine during the Chicano Movement, put it, it’s a mission statement.       

LA RAZA is part of Pacific Standard Time: LA/LA, a far-reaching and ambitious exploration of Latin American and Latino art in dialogue with Los Angeles, taking place from September 2017 through January 2018 at more than 70 cultural institutions across Southern California. Pacific Standard Time is an initiative of the Getty. The presenting sponsor is Bank of America. For more information, visit the Pacific Standard Time website.

Trump Ends DACA: Historical Shift Leaves Students Behind and in Danger for Deportation

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This morning, Jeff Sessions announced that the Trump Administration is calling for an end to the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) – an immigration policy created in 2012 by President Obama that allowed undocumented immigrants who entered the country as minors to receive a renewable two- year period of deferred action from deportation and eligibility for a work permit.

The loss of these immigrants would hurt the American economy, especially in states like California and Florida because of the high number of DACA participants. California Attorney General Xavier Becerra said “Ending the program is devastating not just for recipients, but for our economy. California businesses would lose more than a billion dollars in turnover costs.”

Many CEO’s of large companies that include Amazon, Apple, Microsoft, and various other businesses have fought against the rescinding of DACA. This is not a surprise because the deportation of the individuals protected under DACA would mean that these companies lose thousands of employees. According to MSNBC, 91 percent of immigrants under DACA are employed with social security and pay taxes. While the majority of the students are handling a full time work schedule and are full time students, the majority of their money is being spent to provide for their family. Monica A, a student at Cal State Dominguez Hills pays approximately 30% out of pocket to pay for her tuition and on top of that pays $495 every 2 years to request for her renewal.

At Cal State Northridge, 76% of undocumented students are protected by the DACA program. President Dianne F. Harrison and Chancellor Timothy P. white released statements to the student body and staff, commenting on their disappointment towards the rescinding of this program. The CSUN Dream center was opened in 2016 in order to provide students under the program by providing resources that would be particularly helpful for those in need.
https://www2.calstate.edu/attend/student-services/resources-for-undocumented-students/Pages/systemwide-communication-and-guidance.aspx

The Economic Impact of Losing DACA

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During Obama’s second term as president, it came to his attention that an executive policy was needed to protect those that want to pursue a better life but without the privilege of being born in the United States. Those affected are known as Dreamers due to their residential status and are affected financially and through the pursuit of reaching higher education and their careers. The Obama administration introduced this executive order by passing Congress and created the “Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals” (DACA).

What this means to the economy?
Around 800,000 participants fall under this program therefore, this will affect the economy in the long term run by decreasing the United States Gross Domestic Product (GDP). According to statistics ran through CNN economists, the economy will be affected by decreasing its GDP value by $280 billion dollars. Not only that, but employers will loose $2 billion dollars within the next two years. The amount of current employees loosing their job is around 700,000. Therefore, this provokes 400 CEO’s including Apple, Facebook, J.P. Morgan Chase, and Snapchat to unite and urge Congress to institute new legislation by signing a letter being sent to the White House.

Trumps Statement:
Mr.Trump issued a statement as followed, “Our enforcement priorities remain unchanged.” He also stated, ” We are focused on criminals, security threats, recent border-crossers, visa overstays, and repeat violators. I have advised the Department of Homeland Security that DACA recipients are not enforcement priorities unless they are criminals, are involved in criminal activity, or are members of a gang.”

 

Reaction to Recsinding DACA is Swift

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The Trump Administration’s dececion to rescind DACA brought swift reaction from across the country.

Univision reporter, Jorge Ramos, “ Trump decision on DACA is cruel, cold hearted, and benefits no one. He didn’t even have the courage to announce it himself.”

John Jerry Johnson
-it’s sad for dreamers, they are hard working, they go to school, they pay taxes, social security and serve the military.

Scott Burns
-okay, send them back to their country they don’t even know the language.

Mark Zuckerberg
-it’s particularly wrong to offer young people the American dream, encourage them to come out of shadows and trust our government, and then punish them for it .

Lauren , am a dreamer, I am not a criminal, I am Mexican, I am not a rapist.

Former president Barack Obama states we are talking about young adults that grew up he US, attended our schools and may not know anything but this country, may not know any language but English.

Joe Biden tweeted
“Brought by parents, these children had no choice in coming here. Now they’ll be sent to countries they’ve never known. Cruel. Not America”

According to the Justice Departemnet, as of today:

  1. No new applications
  2. If your DACA expires between now and March 5th 2018 you are eligible for renewal, must renew by October 5, 2017
  3. If your DACA expires after March 5th you are not eligible for renew
  4. The administration is looking for a legislative solution within the next 6 months
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